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给力梦想养蛇场—万和城 > 蛇场实景 > 养蛇活体饵料高产技术——蟾蜍养殖技术
养蛇活体饵料高产技术——蟾蜍养殖技术
编辑: 时间: 2019-06-11 10:52 浏览量: 356

CHANCHU,YOUMINGLAIHAMA,SHILIANGQIGANGWUWEIMUCHANCHUKEDONGWU。QIYAOYONGWEIZHONGHUACHANCHU、HEIKUANGCHANCHUDEERHOUXIANJIPIFUXIANFENMIDEBAISEJIANGYEJIAGONGCHENGDECHANSU。CHANSUSHIMINGGUIZHONGYAOCAI。CHANCHUYEGONGYAOYONG。ZHUCHANYUJIANGSU、SHANDONG、ANHUI、ZHEJIANG、HUBEIDENGSHENG,JIANGXI、HUNAN、GUANGXI、GUANGDONG、YUNNAN、GUIZHOU、TAIWANDENGSHENG(ZIZHIQU)YEYOUCHUCHAN。SUIZHEZHONGYIYAOSHIYEDEFAZHAN,DUIYANCHUYOUQISHICHANSUDEXUQIULIANGRIYIZENGJIA,ERCHANCHUDEYESHENGZIYUANQUERIQUJIANSHAO,JIANGCHANCHUYOUYESHENGBIANWEIRENGONGSIYANG,ZENGJIACHANSUDETIQULIANG,QIANJINGSHIFENKANHAO。

 1. 形态特征

(1)ZHONGHUACHANCHU ZHONGHUACHANCHUXINGSIWAERJIAODA,TIZHANGYIBANZAI10LIMIYISHANG。TICUZHUANG,TOUKUANDAYUZHANG,WENDUANYUAN,WENLENGXIANZHU。BIKONGJINWENDUAN,GENJINGJIANJUDAYUBIKONGJIANJU。GUMOMINGXIAN,KOUNEIWUCHUGUCHI、SHANGXIALINGCHI。QIANZHIZHANGERCU,ZHIZHILVEBIAN,ZHICEWEIYOUYUANMOERWUPU,ZHIGUANJIEXIALIUDUOCHENGDUI。HOUZHICUZHUANGERDUAN,JINGFUGUANJIEQIANDAJIANBU,ZHICEYOUYUANMO,PUSHANGFADA,NEIBOTUZHANGERDA,WAICHUTUXIAOERYUAN。PIFUJICUCAO,TOUDINGBUJIAOPINGHUA,LIANGCEYOUDAERZHANGDEERHOUXIAN。QIYUBUFENMANBUDAXIAOBUDENGDEYUANXINGLUOYOU,PAILIEJIAOGUIZEDEWEITOUHOULUOYOU,XIEXINGPAILIEYUERHOUXIANPINGXING。FUMIANPIFUBUGUANGHUA,YOUXIAOPANG。TISEBIANHUAJIAODA,ZAISHENGZHIJIJIE,XIONGXINGBEIMIANDUOWEIHEILVSE,TICEYOUQIANSEBANWEN;CIXINGBEIMIANYANSEJIAOQIAN,LUOYOUCHENGRUHUANGSE,YOUZONGSEHUOHEISEXIHUAWEN。XIONGXINGJIAOXIAO,QIANZHINEICESANZHIYOUHEISEHUNDIAN,WUSHENGNANG。

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(2)HEIKUANGCHANCHUHEIKUANGCHANCHUWAIXINGYUZHONGHUACHANCHUXIANGSI,TIZHANG7〜10LIMI,XIONGXINGXIAO。TOUGAO,TOUBUYANWENLENG、YANKUANGSHANGYUAN、GUMOQIANYUANJISHANGXIAQINYUANJUNYOUFEICHANGMINGXIANDEHEISEGUZHILENGHUOHEISEXIAN。TOUDINGBUXIAAO,PIFUYUTOUGUJINMIXIANGLIAN。QIANZHIXIZHANG,MODUANHUANGHEISE;HOUZHIDUAN,ZHICEYOUYUANMO,XIANGLIANCHENGBANPU。GUANJIEXIALIUBUMINGXIAN,NEIDITULVEXIAOYUWAICHUTU。PIFUJIAOCUJIE,CHUTOUBUWAI,BIAOPIBUMANDAXIAOBUDENGDEYUANXINGYOULI,YOULISHANGYOUHEIDIANHUO3。TOULIANGCEYOUZHANGTUOYUANXINGDEERHOUXIAN,JINJIZHONGXIANYOUTOUZHITUNBUYOULIANGZONGXINGPAILIEJIAOGUIZEDEDAYOULI。TIDADEHEIKUANGCHANCHUFUBUMANBUXIAOCI,YIBANWEIHUANGZONGSELVEJUZONGHONGSEBANWEN。FUMIANSEQIAN,ZAIXIONGFUBUJUYOUBUGUIZEERJIAOMINGXIANDEHUISEBANWEN。

1556333756269687

2.SHENGHUOXIXING

CHANCHUCHANGXUEJUYUTIANJIAN、SHUIBIANDENGCHAOSHIDENITUZHONGHUOQIXIZAISHIKUAIXIA、CAOCONGJIAN,ZAIZACAOCONGSHENGDEDIFANGFENBUZUIDUO。BAITIANTONGCHANGYINBIZAIYINANCHU,BANGWANZEDUOZAITIANGENG、HEBIAN、DAOLUHUOFANGWUZHOUWEIHUODONGHEMISHI。DONGJIDUOZUANRUSHUIDIDEYUNIHUOLANCAONEIDONGMIAN,SHAOJIANYUZHUANFENGHUOTUXUEZHONG。QIWENJIANGZHI101SHIBIANTINGSHIERJINRENDONGMIANZHUANGTAI,YINIANCHUNTIANDANGQIWENHUISHENGZHI10YISHANGSHIBIANLUXUCHUZHE。SUIZHEQIWENSHANGSHENG,KONGQIXIANGDUISHIDUDA90%SHI,KAISHIJINRUFANZHIJIJIE,ZAIANJINGDESHUITANGNEIHUOHELIUANBIANDECAOCONGHUOQIANSHUICHUJIAOPEIFANZHI。CHANCHUSHIROUSHIXINGDONGWU,XIMISHIBEIQIAOLEI、DUOZULEI、KUNCHONGLEIHERUANTIDONGWU,RUWONIU、JIYU、ZHANGLANG、MAYI、XISHUAI、HUANGCHONG、LOUGU、FENGLEI、CHUNXIANG、XIALEI、QIUYIN、DIELEIHEELEIDECHENGCHONGJIYOUCHONG。TASHIYUMIMING、MIANLINGCHONG、NIANCHONGDENGDUOZHONGNONGZUOWUHAICHONGDETIANDI。

3.FANZHITEXING

CHANCHUSHIJIZHUIDONGWUZHONGYOUSHUISHENGGUODUDAOLUSHENGDELIANGQIDONGWU。CI、XIONGTIZAISHUIZHONGJIAOPEI、CHANLUAN,TIWAISHOUJING。SHOUJINGLUANZAISHUIZHONGFUHUACHUKEDOU(YOUTI),XINGZHUANGSIXIAOYU,YISAIHUXI,JINGGUO2GEYUEBIANTAIFAYU,WEIBUXIAOSHIERBIANCHENGCHANCHU,BINGKAISHIDAOLUDISHENGHUO。TONGSHI,QIPIFUFENMINIANYEBANGZHUHUXI。NEIBUQIGUANXITONGYEZHUBUWANSHAN,YOUCHANZHUJINGGUO2〜3NIANSHENGZHANG,ZHONGHUACHANCHUZHANGZHI7LIMI、HEIKUANGCHANCHUZHANGZHI6LIMISHI,XIONGXINGQIANZHINEICE3ZHICHUXIANHEISEHUNDIAN,CITILUANCHAOYOUCHENGSHULUAN。XINGCHENGSHUDECHANCHUMEINIANCHUNJIFANZHI。FANZHISHICI、XIONGTIHUXIANGBAODUI,XIONGXINGYONGHOUZUXIANDONGGOUDIDENISHUIXIANGWAIPAIJING,CIXINGSUIZHIPAILUAN,JINGZIYULUANZAITIWAIXIANGYUERSHILUANSHOUJING。MEIZHICICHANCHU1NIANCHANLUAN2〜5CI,GONGCHANLUANYUE5000LI。

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(ER)YANGZHIJISHU

1.RENGONGFANZHI

CI、XIONGCHANCHUZAITITAISHANGYOUSUOQUBIE:XIONGCHANCHUBEIMIANCHENGHEILVSEHUOHEIHESE,TICEYOUQIANSEBANWEN;CICHANCHUBEIMIANYANSEJIAOQIAN,LUOYOUCHENGRUHUANGSE,FUBUJURUHUANGSEYUZONGSEHUOHEISEHUAWEN。ZAIMEINIAN3〜4YUECHANCHUFANZHIQIBUZHUOYESHENGCHANCHU,HUOZAIYANGZHICHANGNEIXUANZEGETIDA、JIANZHUANGWUBING、FAYULIANGHAODECHENGNIANCHANZHUZUOWEIZHONGYONG。TIAOXUANCHUDECI、XIONGCHANCHUFANGRENCHANLUANCHI。CHANLUANCHIMIANJIYIWEI10MI2,SHUISHENYUE30LIMI,SHUIWENBAOCHI20〜251,MEIPINGFANGMIFANGYANGCI、XIONGZHONGCHANCHU1〜2DUI,XIONGCHANCHUZHUSHERONGMAOMOCUXINGXIANJISU300GUOJIDANWEI,CICHANCHUZHUSHELIANGJIABEI。MEITIAN1CI,LIANYONG2CI。CI、XIONGCHANCHUXINGCHENGSHUHOU,ZAIYEJIANJIAOPEISHOUJING,CICHENCHANLUANYUSHUIDI。KEJIANGLUANKUAISHOUJI,FANGRENSIYANGCHANGDIHUOYANGZHICHINEIJINXINGFUHUA。

2,YANGZHICHANGDIXUANZE

CHANCHUYANGZHICHANGDIYIXUANZECUNZHUANGFUJIN,SIZHOUZHANGYOUMAOSHENGCAOCONG,KAOJINSHUIYUAN,BIANYUPAIGUANDESHUITIAN、CHITANGHUOSHUIGOU。CHI、TIAN、GOUNEISHUIYIJINGZHI,SHUISHEN20〜25LIMI,SHUIZHONGZHANGYOUYIDINGMIDUDEZACAO,YILIYUCHANCHUSHENGZHANG。YANG1ZHICHANGSIZHOUYIQIZHUWEIQIANG,BAOCHIHUANJINGANJING,BINGFANGZHICHANCHUTAOYI。WEIQIANGNEIYAOLIUYOUCAOPING,GONGCHANCHUQIXIHEHUODONG。YEKEYIZAISIYANGCHANGNEIYONGZHUANQIYANGZHICHI,MIANJIDAXIAOYINDIZHIYI,YIBANWEI10MIx4MI,SHUISHENWEI20〜25LIMI。YANGZHICHIZHOUWEIZHONGZHISHUICAOHEQITAZACAO。

3.SILIAOZUCHENG

CHANCHULUANFUHUACHUDEKEDOU,2〜3TIANNEIBIANKAISHIMISHI,DANZHEISHIRENGYILUANIWEIZHUYAOSHIWU,YIHOUZHUJIANSHESHIDONGZHIWUDESUIXIE、SHUIZHONGWEISHENGWUHEFUYOUSHENGWU。SHAODAHOUSHESHIZHUNIUFEN、KANGFULEI、NENCAO、SHUCAIXIAJIAOLIAO、TAOMIGANSHUI、ZHUXUEHEYUCHANGDENG。DANGKEDOUBIANTAIHOUZHANGCHENGCHANCHUSHI,ZEYIKUNCHONG、RUANTIDONGWUWEISHIWU,TONGCHANGXISHIJIACHONG、ELEI、WONIU、DICAN、YINGQU、BAIYI、ZIIYESHESHIQIUYIN。DANGSILIAOBUZUSHI,KEYIDIANDENGYOUCHONGZUOHUOER。GUIMOYANGZHIJIAODASHI,BIXUSHIQIANZHUNBEIZUGOUDESILIAO。TONGCHANGYANGZHIWONIU、QIUYIN、TIZUYIMANZUQIDUISILIAODEXUQIU。RUGUOYIQIUYIN、YINGQUZUOWEISILIAO,TOUWEIQIANYINGYIQINGSHUICHONGXIGANJING。

4.SIYANGGUANLI

(1)KEDOUSIYANGGUANLIKEDOUSHENGZHANGQIDESHIYIWENDUWEI16〜281,YANGZHICHINEIYIBAOCHISHUISHEN20〜40LIMI,FANGZHIKEDOUBEILIERISHAISI。ZUIHAOZAICHISHANGDAYONGZHEYANG,FANGZHISHUIWENSHENGGAO。DAYUHOUYAOJISHIPAISHUI,FANGZHICHISHUIYICHUCHIWAI,YINQIKEDOUTAOYI。SIYANGKEDOUDESHUIZHIJIYAOQINGXIN,YOUYAOTOUFANGSHILIANGDEFUSHUYOUJIFEIZUOWEISHILIAO。RUOSHUIZHIGUOFEIHUOSHUIZHIEHUA,BIXUJISHIGENGHUANQINGSHUI。SIYANGCHIKEDOUDEFANGYANGMIDU,YIMEIPINGFANGMI2000〜3500ZHIWEIYI;20RILINGZEYAODIAOZHENGWEIMEIPINGFANGMI500〜1000ZHI;30RILING,WEIMEIPINGFANGMI200ZHI。SIYANGZHIYIDINGJIEDUANHOU,YAOJISHIANTITAIDAXIAOFENJISHUYANG,YILIYUGELIAOSHENGZHANGFAYU。KEDOUQITOUWEIDESILIAOWEIZHUNIUFEN、MAIFU、CAIXIE、NENCAO、ZHUXUEJIFEIQISHIWU,TOUWEILIANGYIGANGHAOSHIWANWEIDU。

1556333994830044

(2)YOUWA、CHENGWASIYANGGUANLIGANGFUCHUDEKEDOUJING60TIANSHENGZHANGFAYUHOU,KAISHIBIANTAICHENGWEIYOUWA,BINGCONGDANYISHUITISHENGHUOZHUANWEISHUILULIANGQISHENGHUO。ZHEISHICHIZHONGSIYANGMIDUYIWEIMEIPINGFANGMI100ZHI。YIHOUSUIZHEYOUWAZHANGDA,ZHU 

JIANJIANSHAOWEI30ZHI。SUOTOUWEIDESILIAOZHUYAOSHIMAYI、LOUGU、JIEJUE、KEDOUJIQITAKUNCHONG。YOUWASHENGZHANGJIAOKUAI,SILIAODETOUWEILIANGYAOZHUJIANJIADA,BINGZHUYIGUANCHAQISHILIANGBIANHUA,XIANGYINGZENGJIATOUWEILIANG。TOUFANGDESILIAOLIANGYIDANGTIANJIBENSHANGNENGSHIWANWEIDU,YIMIANLANGFEI。YOUYUSILIAOGONGYINGLIANGZENGDA,YINGTONGGUOYEJIANDIANDENGYOUCHONG,YANGZHIKEDOU、YINGQUHUODUIFEIYUCHONGJIAYIJIEJUE。

(3)YUEDONGGUANLIMEINIAN10YUEYIHOU,QIWENBUDUANXIAJIANG,BIXUWEICHANYUZHUNBEIHAOYUEDONGCHANGSUO,YIBAOZHENGQIANQUANYUEDONG。TONGCHANGBAYEGANCAOHUODAOCAOFANGZAIYANGZHICHANGDINEIHUOYANGZHICHIDESIJIAO,RANGCHANCHUQIANRENCAODUINEIDONGMIAN。YOUTIAOJIANDE,KEJIANGCHANCHUJIZHONGYU251DEWENSHINEIYUEDONG。YINIANTIANQIHUINUANCHUZHEMISHISHI,ZAIFANGHUIYUANYANGZHICHANGCHINEISIYANG。

(4)BINGHAIJITIANDIFANGZHICHANCHUDESHIYINGXINGHEKANGBINGLIJIQIANG,ZAISIYANGGUOCHENGZHONGQIJINSHANGWEIFAXIANBINGHAI。DANRENGONGYANGZHIYINMIDUZENGDA,BIXUZHUYIGUANCHA,YIDANFAXIANBINGHAI,YAOJISHIBIANQUYOUXIAODEFANGZHICUOSHI。CHANCHUSHIXINGRENGONGQUJIANGHOU,YINGFANGZAIGANZAOQINGJIECHU,YANFANGSHANGKOUGANRANYINQIYANZHENG。

CHANCHUZAIKEDOUQIHEYOUWAQICHANGZAOSHOUJI、YAXIJI,ERSHE、HUANGSHULANGYEHUIBUSHIYOUWAHUOCHENGWA,YINGJIAQIANGFANGBEI。YIDANFAXIANJIYUYIRENGONGBUZHUOHUOQUGAN。LINGWAI,YANGZHICHANGNEIJINZHIDUIFANGSHIHUI、NONGYAO,YIFANGCHANCHUWUSHIERSHOUDUHAI。

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5.YONGCHANCHUSIWEISHE

(1)CHANGYONGCHANCHUSIWEISHEDEPINZHONGJINHUANSHE、YINHUANSHE、YANJINGSHE、JIANWENFU、FUSHE、BAIHUAJINSHE、HEIMEIJINSHE、SANSUOJINSHE、GUOSHULONG、QINGZHUSHE、BAICHUNZHUYEQING、SHUILVSHE。

(2)YONGCHANCHUSIWEISHEDEFANGFAJIZHUYISHIXIANG

①     YONGCHANCHUSIWEISHELEI,YIBANYOUCHANCHUWEIYOUSHE,CHENGCHANCHUWEICHENGSHE,WEIQIANJIANGCHANCHUJIAOZHEDUANTOURENSHECHANGHUOLONGNEIRANGQIZIYOUBUSHI。

②     CHANCHUYAOYUQITAERLIAODAPEISIWEI。CHANCHUZHANHUOERLIAOZONGLIANGDE1/3〜1/2WEIYI。